Many people dream of riding in a gilded carriage but Queen Elizabeth hated it. She claimed that it was very uncomfortable because it had a rough ride. The carriage originated in 1760 and weighs a ridiculous four tons. Meanwhile, it requires eight horses to pull it because it is so heavy.
The Royal Family rarely uses it because of its age and inconvenience. However, sometimes it is unavoidable for ceremonies of state. Queen Elizabeth indeed loathed traveling in it but it instantly made her the center of attention as she passed through London (via Sky News).
Most people think of Queen Elizabeth as a small woman with a big hat and a handbag. As she grew older she maintained this classic style. She wore large hats including the one above and went through a range of colors. These depended on the season and the event that she attended (via Reader’s Digest).
The queen developed her style early and maintained it throughout her life. Unsurprisingly, it was conservative but elegant as she accessories with pearls and brooches. Queen Elizabeth knew that she was the center of attention everywhere she went but she cut a sedate figure.
Kate Middleton knew that her life would change when she married Prince William. However, she had no idea of the scale because it was impossible to prepare for it. The Queen approved of her grandson’s marriage to Middleton because of her character (via People).
It’s not difficult to see the resemblance in demeanor between the two women. The photo above shows how they cut similar poses when they attend public events and maintain calm dignity. This makes it easy to understand why Queen Elizabeth liked Kate and had a good relationship with the younger woman.
As Queen Elizabeth grew older she knew that she couldn’t handle a full schedule by herself. Age began to take its toll on her and began to share her responsibilities with her son, Prince Charles. This helped him as he prepared for his inevitable rise to the throne after her passing.
Charles attended events that didn’t necessitate the queen’s attendance. Sometimes she experienced mobility issues and withdrew from her favorite moments including the Highland Games. However, she remained active until the end and even received a new Prime Minister two days before her death (via ET).
Queen Elizabeth reigned for 70 years but she endured her fair share of crises. One of these threatened the entire future of the Royal Family and tarnished her image. This was the death of Princess Diana after a car crash in Paris. Elizabeth lost public popularity for the first time and there were even allegations of a conspiracy.
Diana cut a beautiful figure and was one of the most iconic British women of the century. Prince Charles treated her horribly before he finally divorced her. Furthermore, the British media drove her into a dark place and she experienced depression. It was a sordid period in the family’s long history (via US Magazine).
Queen Elizabeth represented Great Britain in many meetings with foreign dignitaries. She maintained political neutrality but this didn’t stop her from being a messenger for peace. In 2011 she traveled to Ireland on a historic visit. A state banquet saw her address the guests in the Irish language.
Ireland and Great Britain are neighbors with a long and contentious history. The latter colonized the former and this legacy simmers on in Northern Ireland. However, the relationship between the South and the UK was never stronger than in this iconic moment (via Al Jazeera).
Here is an iconic still from Prince Charles’s marriage to Diana Spencer in 1981. The UK public fell in love with the young princess but she never won the heart of her husband. He infamously had an affair with Camilla Parker-Bowles and spent the night with her before his wedding.
The Royal Family treated Diana poorly and effectively drove her into exile. Queen Elizabeth wore blue in this photo and it’s appropriate because the future is grim. Regular people had no idea of the reality of the situation. It just goes to show that appearances can be deceptive (via Parade).
Liz Truss became the final UK Prime Minister to meet the queen when she traveled to Balmoral in 2022. The Queen formally agreed to the formation of a new government two days before she died. It was a massive blow to Truss because she wanted to have a strong beginning (via The Guardian).
Instead, she found herself picking up the pieces after Queen Elizabeth passed away. One of the UK’s main symbols of stability had disappeared forever. This also placed immense pressure on Truss because she wanted to appear strong in front of the British public. Any slip-ups during the following formalities would be a massive problem for her image.
Queen Elizabeth is intensely loyal to her family. Prince George is one of the youngest but most important members. His birth ensured that the future King, William will have an heir. The British public reacted with positivity when Kate gave birth to a baby boy (via Glamour).
George has a petulant streak but that’s part of being a little boy. Sometimes he’s naughty at big events because they bore him. It’s not surprising because it’s not easy to attend these grand state affairs. Queen Elizabeth enjoyed it when her family visited her and loved her great-grandson.
It’s fascinating to look back at the different world leaders who visited Buckingham Palace. There are many Western leaders including U.S. Presidents but there were also controversial figures. Robert Mugabe famously lost his honorary knighthood in later life after he committed human rights abuses.
Russian President Vladimir Putin also visited Queen Elizabeth. The Royal Family rolled out the red carpet for the polarizing premier. He sat beside the queen in a horse-drawn carriage as they traveled through London. Incredibly, Putin extended his sympathies to Prince Charles after the Queen died (via News.com).
The image below became an iconic photograph of the Queen’s later reign. Captain Tom Moore became one of the heroes of the global health crisis after he walked 100 lengths of his garden for charity. The World War II veteran was also 100 years old at the time and captured the hearts of the world.
Hundreds of thousands of people called for a knighthood because of his social impact. Here is a photograph of the queen bestowing honor upon Captain Tom in front of Windsor Castle. Sadly, Moore later died as a result of the health crisis in 2021 (via Gov.UK).
The Queen had a complicated relationship with Africa because of Britain’s brutal colonial past. There’s no denying the horrors of history but she tried to improve relations. This became more challenging in the latter half of the century as more countries became republics.
Here is a photo of Queen Elizabeth with Nelson Mandela. The South African leader led the fight against apartheid and became a global inspiration. Barack Obama claimed that Mandela and Queen Elizabeth were two of the three most impressive statespeople he ever met. The third was former Israeli President Shimon Peres (via Politico).
Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. However, the British public didn’t unanimously love her because she shut down many industries. The Queen also had a complex relationship with Thatcher for several reasons.
Firstly, the Queen allegedly disagreed with some of Thatcher’s policies and world views. But the PM also made Elizabeth feel secure about herself because of Thatcher’s charisma. Some people felt that Thatcher was more regal than the Queen because of her height and aura (via Daily Beast).
The Queen was aware of her social responsibilities and wanted to maintain a connection with young people. She regularly visited schools throughout her lifetime and interacted with students. The photo below shows a visit to Bournemouth in 1998 when she went to Queen Elizabeth School.
This was a massive honor and an incredible memory for the children. They would remember this for the rest of their lives because it’s not every day that the Queen is in the neighborhood. However, it wasn’t always the easiest time for the school administrators because of security concerns (via Bournemouth Echo).
The Royal Family maintains a close connection with the U.K. Armed Forces. All of the male members serve in the military while the Queen also worked with them. She trained as a mechanic during the Second World War and received firearms training (via Harpers Bazaar).
This shot reveals Queen Elizabeth firing an SA80 assault rifle at a military base. An instructor watches her as she pulls the trigger and releases an onslaught of bullets. He has a wry smile on his face as he guides her through the process. The Queen’s clothes make this a surreal photograph.
Many people think that the Queen traveled everywhere by horse-drawn carriage. But this is a common misconception because she also enjoyed driving around in cars. She loved Range Rovers and owned several throughout her lifetime. Here is a great photo of Queen Elizabeth sitting behind the wheel (via Birmingham Mail).
Fascinatingly, the Queen didn’t require a driving license on public roads. That’s because they are issued in her name. Furthermore, she enjoyed immunity from prosecution if she broke road laws. Prince Philip famously had a crash in 2017 and injured a civilian. But he didn’t receive any charges because of his special status.
The Queen had access to the best of everything but she was a woman of simple pleasures. Her favorite hobbies involved being outdoors with her animals. Her ideal summer activity was grouse-hunting at her Balmoral or Sandringham estates. Here’s a video of the monarch on a hunting trip.
The Queen donned a less glamorous wardrobe than the public usually saw. She interacted with her dogs and fired shotguns at the birds. But the best aspect of this was being outdoors in nature. It was a fantastic respite from the pressures of her everyday duties (via Town And Country Mag).
Here is a photo of Queen Elizabeth, her husband, and their four grown-up children. Prince Charles sits beside his mother and is the most globally recognizable of the trio. Meanwhile, Princess Anne stands between her brothers Andrew (left) and Edward (right).
Andrew is the most controversial figure because of his close relationship with Jeffrey Epstein. Princess Anne is a loyal member of the family and regularly attends different events in their name. Finally, Edward is allegedly a sensitive soul and prefers to maintain a low profile when possible (via People).
The Queen was the monarch of 15 countries before she died. Here is a photo of a state visit to the Caribbean where she visited Jamaica. This nation has a complex relationship with the British Royal family because of its links to the slave trade. Furthermore, many citizens suffered discrimination in the United Kingdom.
The Queen enjoyed a positive reception during this ceremony but it’s not the full story. Prince William and Kate Middleton visited Jamaica in 2022 but it didn’t go well. Many Jamaicans protested the visit and called for their state to become a Republic (via Loop News).
The 2020s saw some of the Royal Family’s biggest scandals emerge. One of these was the aftermath of Prince Harry’s marriage to U.S. actress Meghan Markle. She accused the family of racism and had a stunning interview with Oprah Winfrey about their alleged bullying.
The Queen allegedly loathed Markle because she took Harry away from the family. The younger Prince walked away from his duties because he wanted to live his life. He also compared the U.K. media’s treatment of Markle to that of his mother, Princess Diana (via Fox News).
It was always a massive honor when Queen Elizabeth traveled to another country. Even superpowers like the U.S. rolled out the red carpet because of her stature. She visited Washington D.C. during Gerald Ford’s presidency and danced with him during a formal gala.
Ford wears a white tie while Queen Elizabeth donned a yellow dress for the occasion. We can only guess what they talked about but the pair seemed in good humor. Later, Betty Ford revealed that the Queen was easy to deal with. Her only issue was that she kept confusing their formal titles (via Today).
The Queen lived for a long time because she cared about her diet. She never ate seafood in foreign countries because she didn’t trust the preparation. Close sources said that she didn’t eat carbohydrates in the evening either. This was because she didn’t want to gain weight.
But she loved chocolate in all its forms and regularly indulged. She also enjoyed a tipple in the evening and always had a nightcap before bed. Balance was the key to her life but she knew what she liked. This didn’t include garlic because she never allowed it on menus (via Good Housekeeping).
The British Royal Family is one of the most famous on the planet. But the Japanese Imperial Household traces its origins back millennia. In this photo, the former Emperor of Japan, Akihito, visits Buckingham Palace with Empress Michiko. The latter wears a beautiful kimono and smiles at the Queen.
Meanwhile, Akihito maintains a serene expression as he meets his counterpart. The Japanese public deified their Royal Family before World War II. One of the terms of their surrender saw them admit that the Emperor wasn’t a god. However, he remains a personage of great significance (via Zimbio).
Most people don’t do anything for 70 years, but the Queen managed to lead the nation for that much time. This made her the longest-reigning monarch in British history ahead of Queen Victoria. Furthermore, only France’s King Louis XIV sat on a throne for longer than Queen Elizabeth.
The Sun King reigned for 72 years but he came to power when he was a young boy. Elizabeth’s longevity is all the more impressive because she was an adult when she replaced her father. In 2022, she celebrated an unprecedented Platinum Jubilee to much acclaim (via Platinum Jubilee).
Many Prime Ministers formed U.K. governments with Queen Elizabeth’s approval. One of the most noteworthy was Winston Churchill, a giant of British history. He famously led the nation through World War II and was one of the most inspiring PMs ever (via Global News).
Queen Elizabeth’s relationship with Churchill didn’t always run smoothly. But she gained the respect of the war veteran and mourned his death. It’s remarkable that she met him and even considered him a friend. Few modern leaders reached the same stature.
The world witnessed one of the worst modern terror attacks in 2017. A suicide bomber killed over 20 people as they left an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester. This event rocked the nation because most of the victims were children. However, it also hardened the hearts of its citizens against terror.
The Queen visited many of the surviving victims in hospitals after the atrocity. She paid her respects to the families and ensured that they knew that they had her support. This is one of the most difficult aspects of being a monarch because they must remain strong in these horrible moments (via Sky News).
In 1954, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip went on one of the most famous tours of their lifetime. They traveled around the Commonwealth as they visited countries like Australia and New Zealand. The photo below shows a still from their short stay in Ceylon or modern-day Sri Lanka.
This trip reinvigorated the image of the Royal Family across the Commonwealth after World War II. However, it was a tumultuous time too because many countries considered becoming republics. The Queen went all out on this tour as she reminded the world of their power (via State Library).
The simplest things made Queen Elizabeth happy. It’s easy to get the feeling that she preferred being away from London in the tranquil countryside. There’s a wide beam on her face as she visits a farm of Highland cattle. These distinctive cows have massive horns and a long floppy fringe.
It appears as though this moment was during the 1980s as the Queen still had her rich-brown hair. The image captures the peace that she craved throughout her reign. In the end, she maintained her dedication to her people despite giving up her personal life (via Telegraph).
London hosted the Olympic Games in 2012 and won global acclaim in the process. The opening ceremony was a highlight of the event because it was spectacular. Meanwhile, the Queen stunned the world when she participated in a short sketch with famed British actor, Daniel Craig.
Craig played the iconic role of James Bond as he escorted the Queen to the event. Brilliant choreography made it appear that the pair skydived into the arena. It was also a smart move on the monarch’s part because she knew that the public enjoys this engagement with popular culture (via AV Club).
Ronald Reagan was one of Queen Elizabeth’s favorite U.S. Presidents because of his personality. She enjoyed her meetings with the former actor and his wife, Nancy. They met several times throughout his tenure in the U.K. and the U.S. Reagan once described the Queen as a “truly fine and gracious lady.”
The duo had a shared love of horses and this brought them closer together. This went beyond the usual pleasantries of state visits because they had something in common. Queen Elizabeth visited the United States’ West Coast in 1983 and rode with Reagan during that trip (via NBC Los Angeles).
We don’t know the exact location of this photograph but it reveals a lot about Princess Elizabeth. She already enjoyed life’s simple pleasures as she sits and reads in a beautiful garden. It’s a bright summer’s day and she’s smiling with joy because everything is perfect.
Many of the Royals ask people what it’s like to walk into a supermarket without anybody recognizing them. They live with a complete lack of privacy because of their public status. Even here a palace photographer is capturing an intimate moment. Their lives aren’t as dreamy as ordinary people may think (via Politico).
Prince Andrew is the most polarizing member of the Royal Family because of his close friendship with Jeffrey Epstein. Furthermore, he endured strong allegations of raping a minor provided by the convicted pedophile. The news hurt the Queen who ruthlessly moved her favorite son out of the spotlight.
In the end, he settled with his alleged victim out of court. But this came after a ridiculous interview where he infamously said he has a condition that prevents him from sweating. This made him a figure of contempt because he blatantly lied to the British public (via Newsweek).
The Royal Navy named its new aircraft carrier after its supreme commander. HMS Queen Elizabeth II is the pride of the British fleet and can carry up to 40 aircraft. This massive craft is an incredible feat of engineering and represents the peak of shipbuilding.
Here we see the Queen visiting the ship and meeting some of the crew members. Red is traditionally the color of the Royal Military so perhaps this is why she chose this color for her tour. She instantly stands out amongst the sober navy uniforms (via Royal Navy).
Paddington Bear is a beloved icon of British media. The author Michael Bond created this charming character for his series of children’s books. Then they became the source of TV and movie adaptations. The Queen knew this and welcomed a crossover with this wholesome figure.
She participated in a sketch for her Platinum Jubilee with the beloved bear. It was a lovely video that worked perfectly in maintaining her image as a caring person. Paddington enjoys tea and marmalade sandwiches with the monarch throughout the gentle clip (via ITV).
The Royal Variety Show is a traditional part of the Queen’s calendar. Talented artists receive the opportunity to perform in front of the monarch on a night of great entertainment. Throughout her reign, she witnessed many top musicians, dancers, and even magicians.
In the background, we see the likes of crooner Tom Jones applauding the queen. She clutches a bouquet as she waves to the audience and wishes them well. Maybe she would have preferred to stay in bed and watch Netflix but she did her duty (via Express).
Richard Nixon was one of the most controversial U.S. Presidents but he’s all smiling in this photo. The California native paid an official visit to the U.K. in 1970. Then he met P.M. Harold Wilson as well as Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (via Royal Collection Trust).
The Queen and Pat Nixon wear red and beam at each other. Meanwhile, Wilson and Nixon are in somber suits that reflect the political tensions of the era. Nixon famously became the first President to quit after the Watergate scandal made his job untenable.
People think that it’s easy to be a member of the Royal Family. But the reality is that there is a lot of work behind the scenes. They’re constantly on the move and must do a lot of research to ensure they’re aware of current affairs. In this photo, the Queen is reading the newspaper on a private flight (via Al Jazeera).
Meanwhile, a dossier of important information rests on the table. It’s an exhausting business because these papers never stop coming. Prince Philip is also checking his notes at another table as he considers his schedule. It’s fair to question the value of the Royal Family but as people, they worked hard.
The Queen called 1992 the worst year of her reign because everything went wrong. Princess Diana died in a tragic car crash in Paris with her lover Dodi Al Fayad. Queen Elizabeth received a lot of vitriol and criticism for her reaction to this event (via Town And Country Mag).
She made an infamous speech that came across very badly in the U.K. This was the only time of her reign where people seriously criticized her on a personal level. However, she rebounded and rehabilitated her image for a new generation. But this was a crucial lesson for the veteran monarch.
Prince Harry and Prince William stand beside their beloved grandmother outside Buckingham Palace. These two young men faced many challenges in their lives. Firstly, they dealt with the tragedy of their mother’s death in the early ’90s. Then they endured a media dissection of Princess Diana’s life (via Washington Post).
Later, the dawn of social media created new problems because there was no escape. Prince Harry instigated another controversy when he left his official duties behind. He wanted to have a stable relationship with his wife Meghan Markle and their son Archie.
The Queen met hundreds of celebrities during her long life. One of these was Sir. Elton John famously received a knighthood from the monarch. The flamboyant singer wears a bright pink jacket as he greets the regent. There’s a genuine pleasure on the Queen’s face as she shakes his hand.
Elton John has always spoken very highly about the Queen and has a lot of respect for her. Meanwhile, Tom Jones lurks in the background again like a bad smell. It’s safe to say that Queen Elizabeth preferred a particular generation of musicians (via Vogue).
The Duke of Kent was one of the Queen’s closest confidants. After Prince Philip died in 2021, he noticeably made more appearances alongside his monarch. This was because he wanted to support her in her time of need. His intentions were very noble and deserve credit.
He inherited his title as a seven-year-old after his father died in an airplane crash. Later, the Duke served for over 20 years in the military as his uniform reveals. The military veteran cuts a frail but dignified figure as he stands beside the queen in solidarity (via Metro).
Sometimes a picture doesn’t tell the full story about an occasion. Former President of the United States Barack Obama visited the United Kingdom in 2009 and attended a state banquet. Here he touches glasses with Queen Elizabeth as the proceedings begin. There’s nothing to suggest that anything exciting happened.
However, sources claimed that Obama had a very good time at the Palace. He allegedly drank a few martinis and was enjoying himself. But the Queen jokingly told him that it was time to go home because she wanted to go to bed. Obama appreciated her candor and her sense of humor (via Mirror).
It’s impossible to escape the Queen’s influence in London because it’s everywhere. The London Underground opened a new train line in 2022 and named it in honor of the monarch. The Elizabeth Line was the newest addition to the sprawling rail system (via Washington Times).
Queen Elizabeth surprised many people when she visited Paddington Station after it opened. The line used the color purple as its identifier because of its association with royalty. It has 41 stations and runs for over 100km as it brings the city closer together.
The photograph below became one of the defining images of the global health crisis. Prince Philip passed away but the health restrictions prevented open displays of public mourning. He should have had a grand state funeral but it didn’t happen in this way (via USA Today).
The Queen sat alone in Westminster Abbey as she paid her last respects to her beloved husband. It was a devastating image because she was old and frail. It also reminded the world that she was mortal and human too. Her eyes tell the story of the emotions that she couldn’t openly express.
King George VI never expected to become the reigning monarch. However, he was next in line after his brother, Edward VIII abdicated. This rocked the United Kingdom and threatened the future of the monarchy. It also made Elizabeth the heir to the throne (via Express).
In this photo, Elizabeth and Philip stand beside the future queen’s parents. Notably, George wasn’t the King’s given name but the monarch could change it. Queen Victoria instructed that none of her descendants should eclipse her husband, Albert.
President Trump visited London in 2018 under a cloud of protests. He visited the Queen at Buckingham Palace but broke convention by arriving late. The worst aspect was that he left the elderly lady standing for almost 15 minutes. Then he defied further protocols by walking in front of her.
Despite this, Trump claimed that he had a great working relationship with the Queen. He extended his sympathies after she passed and reminisced about her sense of humor. The polarizing President appeared sincere in his condolences (via Newsweek).
Queen Elizabeth extended her patronage to many sports and creative arts. However, she only attended Wimbledon four times in her life. The tournament is British tennis’s showpiece event and takes itself incredibly seriously. All athletes must dress head-to-toe in white if they wish to play.
But the Queen never enjoyed tennis and only went when the occasion demanded it. Her final visit to the event was in 2010 when she watched Andy Murray win. Otherwise, she allowed her grandson, the Duke of Cambridge to attend in her stead (via The Sun).
The Royal Garden Parties are the stuff of legend. All of the who’s who of society attend this event and the Queen played host. Usually, they took place at Buckingham Palace with one also in Scotland. Many aristocrats and famous socialites ensured their presence.
30,000 members of the public also come to these parties and enjoy meeting the Royal Family. They consider it to be a massive honor because it’s a unique opportunity. Some people dream of this moment but never receive the chance. That’s why they want to make the most of it (via Vogue).
It’s safe to say that Boris Johnson was one of Queen Elizabeth’s least favorite prime ministers. The polarizing figure’s tenure in charge of the nation came to a humiliating end. Finally, his party ousted him and replaced him with Liz Truss. His attitude and antics allegedly infuriated the Queen too.
Nonetheless, the Queen never made her personal feelings public. She took immense pride in maintaining a stoic demeanor when it came to constitutional matters. It was immensely damaging for governments if it became known that they had a poor relationship with the Palace (via E Online).
The Queen’s death rocked the nation because it appeared to happen very suddenly. After all, she even met the new Prime Minister two days before she passed. She continued to fulfill the official duties of the state until the very end. That was the way she wanted to go as she refused to retire completely.
Her body passed from Balmoral to Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. From there it made the journey south to London where she would finally rest in Westminster Abbey. The coffin lay in the state along the way so that British citizens could pay their respects to their fallen monarch (via Indian Express).
It’s difficult to put a price on the Queen’s tiaras and jewelry because the palace will never sell them. This makes it priceless but keen-eyed auctioneers have made estimates. They believe that ornate pieces including the one below have a value of six to 12 million dollars.
The Queen owned at least four dozen crowns throughout her reign as well as innumerable necklaces and brooches. Any of them was worth a fortune but with this came great responsibility. These were her uniform and showed her status as Protector of the Realm (via The List).
The Queen allegedly owned the second-most expensive car in the world. She had a massive collection of vehicles but one stood out. This was her Bentley State Limousine, a gigantic burgundy beast of a car. However, it had many additional features that ensured her protection.
This bespoke vehicle had kevlar tires and armor-plated doors. Meanwhile, it could resist chemical attacks as well as significant explosions. There are likely more unspecified features including blood supplies to protect the Queen’s health in a crisis (via Obul).
The Royal Family played a crucial role in maintaining the morale of British citizens during World War II. This was a harrowing time for the nation as they came under assault. However, Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret refused the offer of evacuation as they served their country.
One duty saw them make regular radio speeches as they spoke to their subjects. This heartened the men and women who lost everything during the nightly bombings. They knew that millions of people were dying across the planet in the battle against Fascism (via Forces.net).
The beautiful photograph below shows Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip celebrating their lengthy 73 years of marriage. This remarkable milestone outlines their commitment to each other. While Netflix’s The Crown hinted at infidelity, there were no signs of this in reality.
Prince Philip sacrificed a lot to become Elizabeth’s husband. He knew that he would remain in her shadow for the remainder of his life. This was a serious proposition because there was no escaping it without scandal. But they made it work and remained happy (via NBC News).
Finally, let’s enjoy this photograph of the Queen laughing at an unknown joke or comment. Everybody who met her insisted that she had a fantastic sense of humor. They claimed that her dry wit broke the ice on tense occasions. It also reminded people that she was human, too (via Sky News).
It’s crucial to remember that the Queen was a woman who accomplished a ton throughout her 70-year reign. She was an incredible person with remarkable longevity. But she enjoyed life’s smallest pleasures more than anything because these were the hardest for her to claim. The British people will never forget Queen Elizabeth II.