Petroleum companies have dominated the list of highest-earning companies going into 2020. Exxon-Mobil is no exception. Like Saudi Aramco, Exxon-Mobil formed out of the re-organization of the Standard Oil company that John D. Rockefeller ran at the turn of the twentieth century. Today, it is one of the leaders in petrochemicals and one of the world’s highest-earning companies, having grossed $265,500,000,000 in the year 2019.
Many petrochemical companies are facing a considerable crunch due to the economic crisis of 2020. When the crisis began, oil prices dropped precipitously because people were no longer driving cars and no longer had disposable income. There were even times when oil prices went negative because there was such a surplus of oil that companies were running out of places to store it. We’ll keep an eye on what happens with Exxon-Mobile and other petrochemical companies coming out of this crisis. Maybe they will turn to renewable energy to stay afloat.
In 2010, some questioned the future of BP right after the Deepwater Horizon explosion on one of its oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico. Several people died in the initial explosion, but what caused the world to tune in to what was happening was the massive oil leak that came afterward. Millions of barrels of oil gushed through the oil well straight into the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and killed countless wildlife, while also decimating local economies that rely on fishing and tourism. BP has made a comeback, though. In 2019, it grossed $278,400,000,000.
Among petroleum companies, BP seems to be leading the way to clean air and reduce the amount of carbon through carbon offsets. Yet the initiatives have their critics – many see BP as responsible for much of the air pollution and high level of carbon in the atmosphere. They think that BP should be cleaning it instead of recommending that individuals buy carbon offsets. We’ll have to wait and see what happens with the petroleum companies at the top of the highest-earning companies.
If you have driven along a highway or around town, you’ve probably seen a Shell gas station. There is a lot more to Shell than pumping gas and buying snacks. The company formed through a merger of The Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and The Shell Transport And Trading Company back in 1907. Only combined forces could present any challenge to the Standard Oil juggernaut. Today, the company is known as Royal Dutch Shell, or just Shell, and is headquartered at The Hague in The Netherlands. It also has the largest market share of gas stations in the world. In 2019, Shell grossed $311,600,000 in revenue.
Shell owns and operates dozens of refineries and has active drilling and exploration projects in at least 80 countries. Concern about global warming and a public push to invest in renewable energy sources, instead of burning the fossil fuels that cause global warming, will likely upset Shell’s business interests. But it is already pushing solar energy as one of its assets to remain one of the highest-earning companies for the foreseeable future.
Another state-run company out of China, China National Petroleum was one of the highest-earning companies before the crises hit 2020. We’ll have to wait and see which companies will be the highest-companies coming out. In 2019, China National Petroleum grossed $364,100,000,000 by conducting its business exploring and developing oil fields.
While the Chinese communist state owns the company, like other energy companies in China, it has also been conducting business internationally. China National Petroleum has been exploring and developing oil fields in countries known to be rich in black gold, including Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Oman, Sudan, Venezuela, and Peru. Yet as the world is trying to move away from fossil fuels and develop renewable energy sources, the fate of China National Petroleum may come into question.
Saudi Aramco is the state-run petroleum company of Saudi Arabia. It developed out of John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil, which began exploring the Arabian peninsula’s deserts in the search for oil during the early 1900s. Today it may be the highest-earning company in the world, but it’s a bit of an enigma. One reason is that before 2019 it never appeared in the Fortune 500 list of companies, even though its revenue for 2019 was $329,800,000,000. Before 2019, it never released its financial statements.
Aramco had been listed on the Arab stock exchange Tadawul, and by the time it released its financial statements in 2019, it claimed a net income of over $100 billion – over double that of Apple. It may be the most valuable company in the world, with a market value of nearly two trillion dollars. Aramco funds the Saudi state, meaning that it relies almost exclusively on oil to fuel its economy. Expect to see turmoil in the region, particularly in Saudi Arabia and with its Aramco company, if demand for oil drops due to environmental concerns and the crises of 2020.
State Grid is another state-run energy company in communist China. In 2019, it grossed $387,000,000,000. The company formed about the same time as Sinopec, when the communist government reformed its energy sector in the 1980s. Unsurprisingly, it has a monopoly on the Chinese power grid, and it runs regional power grids throughout the country.
It may be surprising that State Grid also runs power grids in other countries, including Brazil and the Philippines. Some of their grids are run under different names; even in China, five different companies fall under State Grid. State Grid could easily continue to see its revenue increase and its international market growth, especially if it switches to renewable energy sources, such as solar, hydro, and wind, to power its grids.
Sinopec, or China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation, is a company you may have never heard of but that’s out-earning almost every other company in the world. In 2019, the state-owned oil and gas exploration and refining giant grossed $369,200,000,000. However, appearances can be deceiving, given that its former president received the death penalty in 2009 for bribery.
The future of Sinopec Group, along with other petroleum companies, is certainly in question, given concerns over the environmental crisis and climate change. Many are choosing to divest from oil and gas and invest their money elsewhere. Nevertheless, China has a history of surprising the world with its industrial durability and ability to master the state-run communist economy.
However you may feel about different controversies surrounding Wal-Mart, it was the most profitable company in the world at the beginning of 2020, grossing $524,000,000,000 the previous year. It placed well above Amazon, which many now consider its most significant competitor. Unlike Amazon, which specializes in quickly delivering low-cost items to people’s homes, Wal-Mart has not adjusted rapidly to a delivery platform.
There are concerns about the future of Wal-Mart, despite its status as the most popular of any low-price chain store. One is that given its immense size and reliance on bureaucratic processes getting filtered down to local stores, it cannot adapt quickly to changes. Adaptability will probably be a key asset moving forward, so Wal-Mart may collapse under its weight. Another concern is that it does not pay store employees a living wage and has not adapted environmentally friendly practices.
Sources: “TOP 10 Most Profitable Companies in the World in 2020.” FXSSI. May 26, 2020. “Most Profitable Businesses in 2020.” Fortune 500.